What is it about geological engineering, which makes it different from other engineering disciplines? It may be because of its interdisciplinary character or it may simply be that we as humans do not place as much importance on the Earth’s crust as we should.
Although we do recognize that the Earth is a dynamic entity, the movement of tectonic plates on its surface has been going on since the beginning of time. Geology, therefore, is part of earth sciences whose main goal is to learn about the Earth and about its geological processes. It is also the discipline of science that uses mathematical and geological information to understand how nature works.
Geology is also the field of engineering that studies the effects of earthquakes on the structure of the earth and the probability of disasters in the future. Earthquakes are caused by changes in the earth’s molten core, which results in magma rising to the surface. This creates shock waves which ultimately move through the shallow layers of the earth. These shock waves take with them large amounts of heat, rock, and other material debris. This is known as an earthquake. The effects of earthquakes on the structure of the earth depend on what area of the earth is affected and how intense the earthquake was.
Another field of engineering is a geotechnical engineering, which is concerned with the study and development of buildings and infrastructure. It also takes into account the behavior of underground cavities and the tectonics of the Earth. A geotechnical technologist is responsible for calculating the odds of an earthquake happening and for making designs for buildings that can take the effect of such an event. The primary function of a geotechnical technologist is to oversee and supervise engineers and geologists carrying out their duties within the project.
Land surveying is a part of the engineering discipline. Surveys are done to determine the boundaries of a territory and to find out if an area is suitable for settlement or expansion. Surveying is usually carried out on private land. However, it is done by many government offices as well. Geographical engineers are responsible for taking land surveys, building roads and bridges, installing control systems for utilities, and surveying for mining.
Geotechnology deals with the study of the Earth and its environment. This includes biotechnological and geo-mineral mapping. This field is increasingly used to gather the information that will be critical in scientific research. Some of the areas in which biotechnology is expanding include water and energy resources, weather forecasts, and manufacturing.
There are several subfield areas within the broader field of engineering. Geotechnical is a subfield of civil and environmental engineering. Geotechnical engineers will be involved in such things as constructing tunnels, dikes, bridges, borehole drilling, as well as studying the movement of tectonic plates and the composition of the earth.
Geotechnology is making rapid advances. Advances are being made at an alarming rate. Advances in communications, transportation, power generation, and other areas have made tremendous changes in the past few decades. Geotech technology can be measured in terms of how our world looks and how it feels to those who use it. Geotech has opened new horizons and increased productivity. It has also made the planet a more comfortable place to live in.
Geography plays an important role in the construction of any structure. Without structure, there would be no foundation. Structures are built upon foundations like roads, houses, bridges, and tunnels. Geotechnology can be applied to every area of construction. Geotech technology is expanding every day and many new discoveries are being made.